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Mushfiqur Rahim Profile | Career Info, Records Biography

List of Test cricket records

A man wearing a black shirt, with the collar up, and a dark cap with a light-coloured emblem
Donald Bradman, holder of several Test batting records including highest batting average
Sachin Tendulkar is the leading run-scorer and century maker in Test cricket
Muttiah Muralitharan is the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket

Test cricket is played between international cricket teams who are Full Members of the International Cricket Council (ICC).[1] Unlike One Day Internationals, Test matches consist of two innings per team, with no limit in the number of overs.[2] Test cricket is first-class cricket, so statistics and records set in Test matches are also counted toward first-class records. The duration of Tests, currently limited to five days, has varied through Test history, ranging from three days to timeless matches.[3][4] The earliest match now recognised as a Test was played between England and Australia in March 1877;[5] since then there have been over 2,000 Tests played by 13 teams. The frequency of Tests has steadily increased partly because of the increase in the number of Test-playing countries, and partly as cricket boards seek to maximise their revenue.[6]

Cricket is, by its nature, capable of generating large numbers of records and statistics.[7] This list details the most significant team and individual records in Test cricket.

As of January 2020, the most successful team in Test cricket, in terms of both wins and win percentage, is Australia, having won 393 of their 830 Tests (47.34%). Excluding teams who have only played a single Test (the ICC World XI, a rest of world team who played a single Test against Australia in 2005, and recent Test newcomers Ireland and Afghanistan) the least successful team are Bangladesh who have struggled since their introduction to Test cricket in 2000, leading to questioning of their Test status.[8][9][10]

Australian Donald Bradman, widely considered the greatest batsman of all time,[11][12] holds several personal and partnership records. He scored the most runs in a series, has the most double centuries and was a part of the record 5th wicket partnership. His most significant record is his batting average of 99.94. One of cricket's most famous statistics,[13][14] it stands almost 40 runs higher than any other batsman's average. Don Bradman is the only player in the world to have scored 5000 runs against a single opposition: 5028 runs against England.[15]

In the Manchester Test of 1956, England spin bowler Jim Laker took 19 wickets for 90 runs (19–90) which set not only the Test record for best match figures but also the first-class one.[16] In taking 10–53 in the second innings he became the first bowler to capture all ten wickets in a Test match innings, and his analysis remains the best innings figures. Indian leg spinner Anil Kumble is the only other bowler to have taken 10 wickets in an innings, claiming 10–74 against Pakistan in 1999.[17] West Indies batsman Brian Lara has the highest individual score in Test cricket: he scored 400 not out against England in 2004 to surpass the innings of 380 by Matthew Hayden six months earlier. Lara had held the record before Hayden, with a score of 375 against England 10 years earlier.[18] Pakistan's Misbah-ul-Haq holds the record of the fastest Test half century, scoring 50 runs from 21 balls. The record for the fastest Test century is held by New Zealand's Brendon McCullum, who scored 100 runs from 54 balls in his final Test match.

The trend of countries to increase the number of Test matches they play means that the aggregate lists are dominated by modern players. Sri Lankan spinner Muttiah Muralitharan became the highest Test wicket-taker in December 2007, when he passed Shane Warne's total of 708 wickets.[19] Within a year, the equivalent batting record of highest run-scorer had also changed hands: Sachin Tendulkar surpassed the tally of 11,953 runs by Brian Lara.[20] The record for most dismissals by a wicket-keeper is held by Mark Boucher of South Africa[21] while the record for most catches by a fielder is held by Rahul Dravid.[22]

Listing criteria

In general the top five are listed in each category (except when there is a tie for the last place among the five, when all the tied record holders are noted).

Listing notation

Team notation
  • (300–3) indicates that a team scored 300 runs for three wickets and the innings was closed, either due to a successful run chase or if no playing time remained
  • (300–3 d) indicates that a team scored 300 runs for three wickets, and declared its innings closed
  • (300) indicates that a team scored 300 runs and was all out
Batting notation
  • (100) indicates that a batsman scored 100 runs and was out
  • (100*) indicates that a batsman scored 100 runs and was not out
Bowling notation
  • (5–100) indicates that a bowler has captured 5 wickets while conceding 100 runs
Currently playing
  • dagger indicates a current Test cricketer
Seasons
  • Domestic cricket seasons in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Zimbabwe and the West Indies may span two calendar years, and are by convention said to be played in (e.g.) "2008–09". A cricket season in England is described as a single year. e.g. "2009". An international Test series may be for a much shorter duration, and Cricinfo treats this issue by stating "any series or matches which began between May and September of any given year will appear in the relevant single year season and any that began between October and April will appear in the relevant cross-year season".[23] In the record tables, a two-year span generally indicates that the record was set within a domestic season in one of the above named countries.

Team records

Team wins, losses and draws

TeamFirst Test matchMatchesWonLostTiedDrawn% Won
 Afghanistan14 June 20184220050.00
 Australia15 March 1877830393224221147.34
 Bangladesh10 November 2000117138801611.11
 England15 March 18771021370304034736.23
 India25 June 1932540157165121729.07
 Ireland11 May 2018303000.00
 New Zealand10 January 193044099175016622.50
 Pakistan16 October 1952427137130016032.08
 South Africa12 March 1889438165149012437.67
 Sri Lanka17 February 19822879110908731.70
 West Indies23 June 1928545174195117531.92
 Zimbabwe18 October 1992107126802711.21
ICC World XI14 October 2005101000.00

Last updated: 20 January 2020[24]

Result records

Greatest win margins (by innings)

MarginTeamsVenueSeason
Innings and 579 runs England (903–7 d) beat  Australia (201 & 123)The Oval, London1938
Innings and 360 runs Australia (652–7 d) beat  South Africa (159 & 133)New Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg2001–02
Innings and 336 runs West Indies (614–5 d) beat  India (124 & 154)Eden Gardens, Kolkata1958–59
Innings and 332 runs Australia (645) beat  England (141 & 172)Brisbane Cricket Ground1946–47
Innings and 324 runs Pakistan (643) beat  New Zealand (73 & 246)Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore2002

Last updated: 25 November 2019[25]

Greatest win margin (by runs)

MarginTeamsVenueSeason
675 runs England (521 & 342–8 d) beat  Australia (122 & 66)Brisbane Exhibition Ground1928–29
562 runs Australia (701 & 327) beat  England (321 & 145)The Oval, London1934
530 runs Australia (328 & 578) beat  South Africa (205 & 171)Melbourne Cricket Ground1910–11
492 runs South Africa (488 & 344-6 d) beat  Australia (221 & 119)Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg2018
491 runs Australia (381 & 361–5 d) beat  Pakistan (179 & 72)WACA Ground, Perth2004–05

Last updated: 3 April 2018[26]

Matches that finished with scores level

ResultTeamsVenueSeason
Tie Australia (505 & 232) vs  West Indies (453 & 284)The Gabba1960–61
Tie India (397 & 347) vs  Australia (574–7 d & 170–5 d)MA Chidambaram Stadium, Madras1986–87
Draw Zimbabwe (376 & 234) vs  England (406 & 204–5)Queens Sports Club, Bulawayo1996–97
Draw India (482 & 242–9) vs  West Indies (590 & 134)Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai2011–12

Last updated: 15 June 2016[27][28][29]

Narrowest win margin (by wickets)

MarginTeamsVenueSeason
1 wicket England (183 & 263–9) beat  Australia (324 & 121)The Oval, London1902
 South Africa (91 & 287–9) beat  England (184 & 190)Old Wanderers, Johannesburg1905–06
 England (382 & 282–9) beat  Australia (266 & 397)Melbourne Cricket Ground1907–08
 England (183 & 173–9) beat  South Africa (113 & 242)Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town1922–23
 Australia (216 & 260–9) beat  West Indies (272 & 203)Melbourne Cricket Ground1951–52
 New Zealand (249 & 104–9) beat  West Indies (140 & 212)Carisbrook, Dunedin1979–80
 Pakistan (256 & 315–9) beat  Australia (337 & 232)National Stadium, Karachi1994–95
 West Indies (329 & 311–9) beat  Australia (490 & 146)Kensington Oval, Bridgetown1998–99
 West Indies (273 & 216–9) beat  Pakistan (269 & 219)Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's1999–00
 Pakistan (175 & 262–9) beat  Bangladesh (281 & 154)Ibn-e-Qasim Bagh Stadium, Multan2003
 Sri Lanka (321 & 352–9) beat  South Africa (361 & 311)Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu Stadium, Colombo2006
 India (405 & 216–9) beat  Australia (428 & 192)Punjab Cricket Association Stadium, Mohali2010–11
 Sri Lanka (191 & 304-9) beat  South Africa (235 & 259)Kingsmead Cricket Ground, Durban2018-19
 England (67 & 362-9) beat  Australia (179 & 246)Headingley, Leeds2019

Last updated: 25 August 2019[30]

Narrowest win margin (by runs)

MarginTeamsVenueSeason
1 run West Indies (252 & 146) beat  Australia (213 & 184)Adelaide Oval1992–93
2 runs England (407 & 182) beat  Australia (308 & 279)Edgbaston, Birmingham2005
3 runs Australia (299 & 86) beat  England (262 & 120)Old Trafford, Manchester1902
 England (284 & 294) beat  Australia (287 & 288)Melbourne Cricket Ground1982–83
4 runs New Zealand (153 & 249) beat  Pakistan (227 & 171)Sheikh Zayed Cricket Stadium, Abu Dhabi2018–19

Last updated: 19 November 2018[31]

Victory after following-on

MarginTeamsVenueSeason
10 runs England (325 & 437) beat  Australia (586 & 166)Sydney Cricket Ground1894–95
18 runs England (174 & 356) beat  Australia (401–9 d & 111)Headingley, Leeds1981
171 runs India (171 & 657–7 d) beat  Australia (445 & 212)Eden Gardens, Kolkata2000–01

Last updated: 15 June 2016[32]

Most consecutive wins

WinsTeamFirst winLast win
16 Australia Zimbabwe at Harare, 14 October 1999 India at Mumbai, 27 February 2001
16 Australia South Africa at Melbourne, 26 December 2005 India at Sydney, 2 January 2008
11 West Indies Australia at Bridgetown, 30 March 1984 Australia at Adelaide, 7 December 1984
9 Sri Lanka India at Colombo, 29 August 2001 Pakistan at Lahore, 6 March 2002
9 South Africa Australia at Durban, 15 March 2002 Bangladesh at Dhaka, 1 May 2003

Last updated: 15 June 2016[33]

Team scoring records

Most runs in an innings
ScoreTeamsVenueSeason
952-6 d Sri Lanka (v  India)Ranasinghe Premadasa Stadium, Colombo1997
903-7 d England (v  Australia)The Oval, London1938
849 England (v  West Indies)Sabina Park, Kingston1929–30
790–3 d West Indies (v  Pakistan)Sabina Park, Kingston1957–58
765–6 d Pakistan (v  Sri Lanka)National Stadium, Karachi2008–09

Last updated: 14 September 2017[34]

Fewest runs in a completed innings
RunsTeamsVenueDate
26 New Zealand (v  England)Eden Park, Auckland25 March 1955
30 South Africa (v  England)St. George's Park, Port Elizabeth13 February 1896
 South Africa (v  England)Edgbaston, Birmingham14 June 1924
35 South Africa (v  England)Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town1 April 1899
36 Australia (v  England)Edgbaston, Birmingham29 May 1902
 South Africa (v  Australia)Melbourne Cricket Ground12 February 1932

Last updated: 26 July 2019[35]

Highest fourth-innings totals to win
ScoreTeamsVenueSeason
418–7 West Indies (v  Australia)Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's2002–03
414–4 South Africa (v  Australia)WACA Ground, Perth2008–09
406–4 India (v  West Indies)Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain1975–76
404–3 Australia (v  England)Headingley, Leeds1948
391–6 Sri Lanka (v  Zimbabwe)Ranasinghe Premadasa Stadium, Colombo2017

Last updated: 14 September 2017[36]

Individual records

Individual records (batting)

Career runs

Most career runs
RunsPlayerPeriod
15,921 (329 innings)India Sachin Tendulkar1989–2013
13,378 (287 innings)Australia Ricky Ponting1995–2012
13,289 (280 innings)South Africa Jacques Kallis1995–2013
13,288 (286 innings)India Rahul Dravid1996–2012
12,472 (291 innings)England Alastair Cook2006–2018

Last updated: 11 September 2018[37]

Most career runs – progression of record
RunsPlayerRecord held untilDuration of record
239Australia Charles Bannerman4 January 18824 years, 295 days
676England George Ulyett[a]13 August 18842 years, 222 days
860Australia Billy Murdoch[b]14 August 18862 years, 1 day
1,277England Arthur Shrewsbury23 January 190215 years, 162 days
1,293Australia Joe Darling[c]18 February 190226 days
1,366Australia Syd Gregory[d]14 June 1902116 days
1,531England Archie MacLaren[e]13 August 190260 days
3,412Australia Clem Hill27 December 192422 years, 136 days
5,410England Jack Hobbs29 June 193712 years, 184 days
7,249England Wally Hammond27 November 197033 years, 151 days
7,459England Colin Cowdrey[f]23 March 19721 year, 117 days
8,032West Indies Cricket Board Garfield Sobers23 December 19819 years, 275 days
8,114England Geoffrey Boycott12 November 19831 year, 324 days
10,122India Sunil Gavaskar25 February 19939 years, 105 days
11,174Australia Allan Border25 November 200512 years, 273 days
11,953West Indies Cricket Board Brian Lara17 October 20082 years, 327 days
15,921India Sachin Tendulkarcurrent11 years, 96 days

Last updated: 15 June 2016[38]


Notes:

  • ^[a] Ulyett finished his career with 949 runs
  • ^[b] Murdoch finished his career with 908 runs
  • ^[c] Darling finished his career with 1,657 runs
  • ^[d] Gregory finished his career with 2,282 runs
  • ^[e] MacLaren finished his career with 1,931 runs
  • ^[f] Cowdrey finished his career with 7,624 runs

Most runs in each batting position

Batting positionPlayerRunsAverage in the position
OpenerEngland Alastair Cook11,84544.87
Number 3Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara11,67960.83
Number 4India Sachin Tendulkar13,49254.40
Number 5West Indies Cricket Board Shivnarine Chanderpaul6,88356.42
Number 6Australia Steve Waugh3,16551.05
Number 7Australia Adam Gilchrist3,94846.45
Number 8New Zealand Daniel Vettori2,22739.77
Number 9England Stuart Broad dagger1,29520.23
Number 10England Stuart Broad dagger63512.21
Number 11Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan62311.33

Last updated: 7 January 2020[39]

Highest career batting average

AverageInningsPlayerPeriod
99.9480Australia Donald Bradman1928–1948
63.4323Australia Marnus Labuschagne dagger2018–Present
62.84124Australia Steve Smith dagger2010–Present
61.8731Australia Adam Voges2015–2016
60.9741South Africa Graeme Pollock1963–1970

Qualification: 20 innings.


Note: If the qualification is removed, the record Test batting average is West Indies Cricket Board Andy Ganteaume's 112.00; Ganteaume was dismissed for 112 runs in his only Test innings.[40] A very few one-Test wonders have never been dismissed, leaving them without a defined Test batting average. Notable players who played only a single Test innings without a dismissal are Australia Stuart Law (54*, innings declared) and England Andy Lloyd (10*, retired hurt).[41][42]


Last updated: 7 January 2020[43]

Innings or series

Highest individual score (see also List of Test cricket triple centuries)
ScorePlayerOpponentVenueSeason
400*West Indies Cricket Board Brian Lara EnglandAntigua Recreation Ground, St. John's2003–04
380Australia Matthew Hayden ZimbabweWACA Ground, Perth2003–04
375West Indies Cricket Board Brian Lara EnglandAntigua Recreation Ground, St. John's1993–94
374Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene South AfricaSinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo2006
365*West Indies Cricket Board Garfield Sobers PakistanSabina Park, Kingston1957–58

Last updated: 15 June 2015[44]

Highest individual score – progression of record
ScorePlayerOpponentVenueSeasonTest match Number
165*Australia Charles Bannerman EnglandMelbourne Cricket Ground1876–77Test No. 1
211Australia Billy Murdoch EnglandThe Oval, London1884Test No. 16
287England R. E. Foster AustraliaSydney Cricket Ground1903–04Test No. 78
325England Andy Sandham West IndiesSabina Park, Kingston1929–30Test No. 193
334Australia Don Bradman EnglandHeadingley, Leeds1930Test No. 196
336*England Wally Hammond New ZealandEden Park, Auckland1932–33Test No. 226
364England Len Hutton AustraliaThe Oval, London1938Test No. 266
365*West Indies Cricket Board Garfield Sobers PakistanSabina Park, Kingston1957–58Test No. 452
375West Indies Cricket Board Brian Lara EnglandAntigua Recreation Ground, St. John's1993–94Test No. 1259
380Australia Matthew Hayden ZimbabweWACA Ground, Perth2003–04Test No. 1661
400*West Indies Cricket Board Brian Lara EnglandAntigua Recreation Ground, St. John's2003–04Test No. 1696

Last updated: 15 June 2016[45]

Most runs in a match
RunsScoresPlayerOpponentVenueSeason
456333 and 123England Graham Gooch IndiaLord's1990
426334* and 92Australia Mark Taylor PakistanPeshawar1998–99
424319 and 105Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara BangladeshChittagong2013–14
400400*West Indies Cricket Board Brian Lara EnglandSt John's, Antigua2003–04
380247* and 133Australia Greg Chappell New ZealandWellington1973–74
380Australia Matthew Hayden ZimbabwePerth2003–04

Last updated: 15 June 2016[46]

Most runs in a series
RunsPlayerSeries
974 (7 innings)Australia Donald Bradmanv  England, 1930
905 (9 innings)England Wally Hammondv  Australia, 1928–29
839 (11 innings)Australia Mark Taylorv  England, 1989
834 (9 innings)Australia Neil Harveyv  South Africa, 1952–53
829 (7 innings)West Indies Cricket Board Viv Richardsv  England, 1976

Last updated: 15 June 2016[47]

Calendar year and between dismissals

Most runs in a calendar year
RunsPlayerAverageYear
1788Pakistan Mohammad Yousuf99.332006
1710West Indies Cricket Board Vivian Richards90.001976
1656South Africa Graeme Smith72.002008
1595Australia Michael Clarke106.332012
1562India Sachin Tendulkar78.102010

Last updated: 15 June 2015[48]

Most runs between successive dismissals
RunsPlayerInningsScoresSeason
614Australia Adam Voges3269*, 106*, 2392015–16
497India Sachin Tendulkar4241*, 60*, 194*, 22003–04
490West Indies Cricket Board Garfield Sobers2365*, 1251957–58
489Australia Michael Clarke2259*, 2302012–13
473India Rahul Dravid441*, 200*, 70*, 1622000–01

Last updated: 21 December 2017[49][50]

Highest scores at each batting position

Batting positionPlayerScoreOpponentVenueDate
OpenerAustralia Matthew Hayden380 ZimbabweWACA Ground9 October 2003
Number 3West Indies Cricket Board Brian Lara400* EnglandAntigua Recreation Ground10 April 2004
Number 4Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene374 South AfricaSinhalese Sports Club Ground27 July 2006
Number 5Australia Michael Clarke329* IndiaSydney Cricket Ground3 January 2012
Number 6England Ben Stokes dagger258 South AfricaNewlands Cricket Ground2 January 2016
Number 7Australia Donald Bradman270 EnglandMelbourne Cricket Ground1 January 1937
Number 8Pakistan Wasim Akram257* ZimbabweSheikhupura Stadium17 October 1996
Number 9New Zealand Ian Smith173 IndiaEden Park22 February 1990
Number 10England Walter Read117 AustraliaKennington Oval11 August 1884
Number 11Australia Ashton Agar dagger98 EnglandTrent Bridge10 July 2013

Last updated: 18 November 2017[51]

Innings as captain

Highest individual score as captain
ScorePlayerOpponentVenueSeason
400*West Indies Cricket Board Brian Lara EnglandAntigua Recreation Ground, St. John's2003–04
374Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene South AfricaSinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo2006
334*Australia Mark Taylor PakistanArbab Niaz Stadium, Peshawar1998
333England Graham Gooch IndiaLord's, London1990
329*Australia Michael Clarke IndiaSydney Cricket Ground, Sydney2012

Last updated: 15 June 2015[52]

Innings carrying the bat

Highest individual score (see also List of cricketers who have carried the bat in international cricket)
ScorePlayerOpponentVenueSeason
264*New Zealand Tom Latham Sri LankaBasin Reserve, Wellington2018–19
244*England Alastair Cook AustraliaMelbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne2017–18
223*New Zealand Glenn Turner West IndiesSabina Park, Kingston1972
216*Sri Lanka Marvan Atapattu ZimbabweQueens Sports Club, Bulawayo1999–00
206*Australia Bill Brown EnglandLord's, London1931

Last updated: 8 January 2019[53]

Most runs in an over

RunsSequenceBatsmanBowlerVenueSeason
284–6–6–4–4–4West Indies Cricket Board Brian LaraSouth Africa Robin PetersonWanderers Stadium, Johannesburg2003–04
4–6–2–4–6–6Australia George BaileyEngland James Anderson daggerWACA, Perth2013–14
4–4–4–6–6–b4South Africa Keshav MaharajEngland Joe RootSt George's Park, Port Elizabeth2019–20
276–6–6–6–2–1Pakistan Shahid AfridiIndia Harbhajan SinghGaddafi Stadium, Lahore2005–06
264–4–6–0–6–6Australia Mitchell JohnsonSouth Africa Paul HarrisWanderers Stadium, Johannesburg2008–09
4–0–6–6–6–4West Indies Cricket Board Brian LaraPakistan Danish KaneriaMultan Cricket Stadium2006–07
4–4–4–4–6–4New Zealand Craig McMillanPakistan Younis KhanSeddon Park, Hamilton2000–01
4–6–6–0–4–6New Zealand Brendon McCullumSri Lanka Suranga LakmalHagley Oval, Christchurch2014–15
4–4–6–6–6–0India Hardik Pandya daggerSri Lanka Malinda Pushpakumara daggerPallekele International Cricket Stadium, Kandy2017

Last updated: 21 January 2020[54]

Centuries

Most Test centuries
CenturiesPlayerMatchesInningsInns/Century
51India Sachin Tendulkar2003296.4
45South Africa Jacques Kallis1662806.2
41Australia Ricky Ponting1682877.0
38Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara1342336.1
36India Rahul Dravid1642867.9

Last updated: 15 June 2016[55]

Fastest Test centuries
No. of ballsPlayerOpponentVenueSeason
54New Zealand Brendon McCullum AustraliaHagley Oval, Christchurch2015–16
56West Indies Cricket Board Viv Richards EnglandAntigua Recreation Ground, St. John's1985–86
Pakistan Misbah-ul-Haq AustraliaSheikh Zayed Cricket Stadium, Abu Dhabi2014
57Australia Adam Gilchrist EnglandWACA Ground, Perth2006–07
67Australia Jack Gregory South AfricaOld Wanderers, Johannesburg1921–22

Last updated: 15 June 2016[56]

Most Test double centuries
Double centuriesPlayerMatches
12Australia Donald Bradman52
11Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara130
9West Indies Cricket Board Brian Lara131
7India Virat Kohli84
England Wally Hammond85
Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene149

Last updated: 7 January 2020[57]

Fastest Test double centuries
No. of ballsPlayerOpponentVenueSeason
153New Zealand Nathan Astle EnglandJade Stadium, Christchurch2001–02
163England Ben Stokes South AfricaNewlands, Cape Town2016
168India Virender Sehwag Sri LankaBrabourne Stadium, Mumbai2009
182India Virender Sehwag PakistanGaddafi Stadium, Lahore2006
186New Zealand Brendon McCullum PakistanSharjah Cricket Stadium, Sharjah2014

Last updated: 4 March 2019[58][59]

Most Test triple centuries
Triple centuriesPlayerMatches
2Australia Donald Bradman52
India Virender Sehwag104
West Indies Cricket Board Chris Gayle103
West Indies Cricket Board Brian Lara131
1

22 players: see List of Test cricket triple centuries for more details.

Last updated: 8 January 2019[60]

Most Test quadruple centuries
Quadruple centuriesPlayerMatches
1West Indies Cricket Board Brian Lara131

Last updated: 15 June 2016[61]

Half Centuries

Most Test 50+
50+PlayerMatchesInnings
119India Sachin Tendulkar200329
103South Africa Jacques Kallis166280
103Australia Ricky Ponting168287
99India Rahul Dravid164286
96West Indies Cricket Board Shivnarine Chanderpaul164280

Last updated: 15 June 2016[62]

Fastest Test half-centuries
No. of ballsPlayerOpponentVenueSeason
21Pakistan Misbah-ul-Haq AustraliaSheikh Zayed Stadium, Abu Dhabi2014–15
23Australia David Warner PakistanSydney Cricket Ground2016–17
24South Africa Jacques Kallis ZimbabweNewlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town2004–05
25West Indies Cricket Board Shane Shillingford New ZealandSabina Park, Kingston2014
26Pakistan Shahid Afridi IndiaM Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore2004–05
Bangladesh Mohammad Ashraful IndiaSher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium, Mirpur2007
South Africa Dale SteynWest Indies Cricket Board West IndiesSt. George's Park, Port Elizabeth2014–15

Note: Misbah's is also the fastest in minutes, at 24 minutes, with Ashraful in second place on 27. Some records credit Victor Trumper with a 22-minute half-century against South Africa at Johannesburg in 1902-3, but this only counted the time he was on strike: the total time for his fifty is recorded as 45 minutes.
Some sources also credit Ian Botham with a 26-ball half-century against India at Delhi in 1981-2, but this is a printing error: the scorecard records 28 balls.
Last updated: 16 September 2019
[63]

Most fours in career

FoursPlayerInnings
2058+India Sachin Tendulkar329
1654India Rahul Dravid286
1559West Indies Cricket Board Brian Lara232
1509Australia Ricky Ponting287
1491Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara233

Key: + means the complete career records aren't known

Last updated: 8 January 2019[64]

Most sixes in career

SixesPlayerInnings
107New Zealand Brendon McCullum176
100Australia Adam Gilchrist137
98West Indies Cricket Board Chris Gayle182
97South Africa Jacques Kallis280
91India Virender Sehwag180

Last updated: 4 March 2019[65]

Individual records (bowling)

Career

Most wickets in a career
WicketsPlayerMatchesAverage
800Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan13322.72
708Australia Shane Warne14525.41
619India Anil Kumble13229.65
584England James Anderson dagger15126.83
563Australia Glenn McGrath12421.64

Last updated: 7 January 2020[66]

Most wickets in a career – Progression of record
WicketsPlayerMatchesAverageRecord held untilDuration of record
8[a]England Alfred Shaw110.7531 March 187716 days
14Australia Tom Kendall215.354 January 18791 year, 279 days
94[b]Australia Fred Spofforth1818.4112 January 189516 years, 8 days
100England Johnny Briggs2513.514 February 189533 days
101Australia Charles Turner1716.532 March 189526 days
103England Johnny Briggs2613.9221 March 18961 year, 19 days
112[c]England George Lohmann1810.7514 January 18981 year, 299 days
118England Johnny Briggs3317.752 January 19045 years, 353 days
141Australia Hugh Trumble3221.7813 December 19139 years, 345 days
189England Sydney Barnes2716.434 January 193622 years, 22 days
216Australia Clarrie Grimmett3724.2124 July 195317 years, 201 days
236England Alec Bedser5124.8926 January 19639 years, 186 days
242[d]England Brian Statham6724.2715 March 196348 days
307England Fred Trueman6721.571 February 197612 years, 323 days
309West Indies Cricket Board Lance Gibbs7929.0927 December 19815 years, 329 days
355Australia Dennis Lillee7023.9221 August 19864 years, 237 days
373[e]England Ian Botham9427.8612 November 19882 years, 83 days
431New Zealand Richard Hadlee8622.298 February 19945 years, 88 days
434India Kapil Dev13129.6427 March 20006 years, 48 days
519West Indies Cricket Board Courtney Walsh13224.448 May 20044 years, 42 days
532[f]Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan9122.8715 October 2004160 days
708Australia Shane Warne14525.413 December 20073 years, 49 days
800Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan13322.72Current12 years, 49 days

Notes
^[a] Allen Hill took the first Test wicket, but only two in the First Test match. Alfred Shaw (3/51 & 5/35) and Tom Kendall (1/54 & 7/55) both took eight wickets, but as Australia batted first Shaw was the first to take five wickets in an innings and the first to take eight Test wickets. Kendall overtook him in the Second Test and Shaw subsequently increased his total to 12 wickets (15.35) in seven Tests[67]
^[b] Johnny Briggs equalled Fred Spofforth's record of 94 Test wickets on 29 December 1894 in the Second Test at Melbourne, as did Charles Turner two days later. Briggs overtook Turner and Spofforth in the Third Test at Adelaide, which Turner missed, and became the first man to claim 100 Test wickets on 1 February 1895 in the Fourth Test at Sydney. Turner became the second three days later and ended with a total of 101 wickets (16.53) in 17 Tests[68][69]
^[c] Johnny Briggs equalled George Lohmann's record of 112 Test wickets on 3 January 1898 in the Second Test at Melbourne and overtook him in the next match at Adelaide.
^[d] Fred Trueman overtook Brian Statham's then record of 242 Test wickets and Statham subsequently increased his total to 252 wickets (24.84) in 70 Tests
^[e] Richard Hadlee overtook Ian Botham's then record of 373 Test wickets and Botham subsequently increased his total to 383 wickets (28.40) in 102 Tests
^[f] Shane Warne overtook Muttiah Muralitharan's then record of 532 Test wickets and Muralitharan subsequently increased his total to 800 wickets (22.72) in 133 Tests[70]

Best career average
AveragePlayerBallsWickets
10.75England George Lohmann3,830112
12.70England/Australia John Ferris[a]2,30261
15.54England Billy Barnes2,28951
16.42England Billy Bates2,36450
16.43England Sydney Barnes7,873189

Qualification: 2000 balls bowled
Last updated: 8 January 2019[71]


Note: If the qualification is removed, the best career average record is at 0.00 runs per wicket (i.e. no runs were conceded). This record is shared by Englishmen A N Hornby, Wilf Barber and New Zealander, Bruce Murray who took one wicket without conceding a run[72]


  • ^[a] John Ferris was one of a few cricketers to play Test cricket for more than one country. He played in eight Tests for Australia from 1886–87 and a single Test for England in South Africa in 1891–92.[73]
Best career strike rate
Strike ratePlayerBallsWickets
34.1England George Lohmann3,830112
37.7Australia / England J. J. Ferris2,30261
38.7New Zealand Shane Bond3,37287
40.2South Africa Kagiso Rabada dagger7,370183
41.6England Sydney Barnes7,873189

Qualification: 2000 balls bowled
Last updated: 5 November 2019[74]

Most 5 wickets in an innings
5 wickets in an inningsPlayerMatches
67Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan133
37Australia Shane Warne145
36New Zealand Richard Hadlee86
35India Anil Kumble132
34Sri Lanka Rangana Herath93

Last updated: 9 November 2018[75]

Most 10 wickets in a match
10 wickets in a matchPlayerMatches
22Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan133
10Australia Shane Warne145
9New Zealand Richard Hadlee86
Sri Lanka Rangana Herath93
8India Anil Kumble132

Last updated: 9 November 2018[76]

Series

Most wickets in a series
WicketsPlayerSeries
49 (4 Tests)England Sydney Barnesv  South Africa 1913–14
46 (5 Tests)England Jim Lakerv  Australia, 1956
44 (5 Tests)Australia Clarrie Grimmettv  South Africa 1935–36
42 (6 Tests)Australia Terry Aldermanv  England, 1981
41 (6 Tests)Australia Terry Aldermanv  England, 1989
Australia Rodney Hoggv  England, 1978–79

Last updated: 15 June 2016[77]

Innings

Best figures in an innings
Bowling figuresPlayerOpponentVenueSeason
10–53England Jim Laker Australia (2nd innings)Old Trafford, Manchester1956
10–74India Anil Kumble PakistanFeroz Shah Kotla Ground, Delhi1998–99
9–28England George Lohmann South AfricaOld Wanderers, Johannesburg1895–96
9–37England Jim Laker Australia (1st innings)Old Trafford, Manchester1956
9–51Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan ZimbabweAsgiriya Stadium, Kandy2001–02

Last updated: 15 June 2016[78]

Best figures in an innings – progression of record
Bowling figuresPlayerOpponentVenueSeason
7–55Australia Tom Kendall
(in the inaugural Test match)
 EnglandMelbourne Cricket Ground1876–77
7–44Australia Fred Spofforth EnglandThe Oval, London1882
7–28England Billy Bates AustraliaMelbourne Cricket Ground1882–83
8–35England George Lohmann AustraliaSydney Cricket Ground1886–87
8–11England Johnny Briggs South AfricaNewlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town1888–89
8–7England George Lohmann South AfricaSt. George's Park, Port Elizabeth1895–96
9–28England George Lohmann South AfricaOld Wanderers, Johannesburg1895–96
10–53England Jim Laker AustraliaOld Trafford, Manchester1956

Calculated at the conclusion of each Test
Last updated: 15 June 2016

Match records

Best figures in a match
BowlingPlayerOpponentVenueSeason
19–90England Jim Laker AustraliaOld Trafford, Manchester1956
17–159England Sydney Barnes South AfricaOld Wanderers, Johannesburg1913–14
16–136India Narendra Hirwani West IndiesM. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai1987–88
16–137Australia Bob Massie EnglandLord's, London1972
16–220Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan EnglandThe Oval, London1998

Last updated: 15 June 2016[79]

Innings as captain

Best figures in an innings as captain
Bowling figuresPlayerOpponentVenueSeason
9–83India Kapil Dev West IndiesSardar Patel Stadium, Ahmedabad1983
8–60Pakistan Imran Khan IndiaNational Stadium, Karachi, Karachi1982
8–63Sri Lanka Rangana Herath ZimbabweHarare Sports Club, Harare2016
8–106India Kapil Dev AustraliaAdelaide Oval, Adelaide1985
7–37West Indies Cricket Board Courtney Walsh New ZealandBasin Reserve, Wellington1995

Last updated: 16 March 2017[80]

Match records as captain

Best figures in a match as captain
BowlingPlayerOpponentVenueSeason
13–55West Indies Cricket Board Courtney Walsh New ZealandBasin Reserve, Wellington1995
13–135Pakistan Waqar Younis ZimbabweSouthend Club Cricket Stadium, Karachi1993
13–152Sri Lanka Rangana Herath ZimbabweHarare Sports Club, Harare2016
12–100Pakistan Fazal Mahmood West IndiesBangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka1959
11–79Pakistan Imran Khan IndiaNational Stadium, Karachi1982

Last updated: 15 June 2016[81]

Individual records (fielding)

Most catches in Test career

CatchesPlayerMatches
210India Rahul Dravid164
205Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene149
200South Africa Jacques Kallis166
196Australia Ricky Ponting168
181Australia Mark Waugh128
Note:The list excludes catches made as wicket-keeper[82] Last updated: 15 June 2016

Individual records (wicket-keeping)

Most dismissals
DismissalsPlayerMatches
555 (532 catches + 23 stumpings)South Africa Mark Boucher147
416 (379 catches + 37 stumpings)Australia Adam Gilchrist96
395 (366 catches + 29 stumpings)Australia Ian Healy119
355 (343 catches + 12 stumpings)Australia Rod Marsh96
294 (256 catches + 38 stumpings)India MS Dhoni90

Last updated: 15 June 2016[83]

Most catches
CatchesPlayerMatches
532South Africa Mark Boucher147
379Australia Adam Gilchrist96
366Australia Ian Healy119
343Australia Rod Marsh96
265West Indies Cricket Board Jeff Dujon81

Last updated: 15 June 2016[84]

Most stumpings
StumpingsPlayerMatches
52Australia Bert Oldfield54
46England Godfrey Evans91
38India Syed Kirmani88
India MS Dhoni90
37Australia Adam Gilchrist96

Last updated: 15 June 2016[85]

Individual records (as an all-rounder)

10 wickets and a century in a Test match
PlayerRunsWicketsDateOpponentVenue
England Ian Botham[86]11413/10915 February 1980 IndiaMumbai, India
Pakistan Imran Khan[86]11711/1803 January 1983 IndiaFaisalabad, Pakistan
Bangladesh Shakib Al Hasan[86]13710/1243 November 2014 ZimbabweKhulna, Bangladesh

Alan Davidson (Australia), in the tied 1st Test at Brisbane against the West Indies in 1960-61, was the first to score 100 runs and take 10 wickets in a match (and is the only other player to achieve this so far), but without a century: his two scores with the bat were 44 and 80, in addition to 11 wickets (5/135 and 6/87).
Shakib also batted twice in his match, but only scored 6 in the other innings. Botham and Imran only batted once in their matches.
Last updated: 16 September 2016
[87]

Individual records (other)

Most matches played
MatchesPlayerPeriod
200India Sachin Tendulkar1989–2013
168Australia Steve Waugh1985–2004
Australia Ricky Ponting1995–2012
166South Africa Jacques Kallis1995–2013
164India Rahul Dravid1996–2012
West Indies Cricket Board Shivnarine Chanderpaul1994–2015

Last updated: 15 June 2016[88]

Most matches played as captain
MatchesPlayerWonLostDrawnTied
109South Africa Graeme Smith5329270
93Australia Allan Border3222381
80New Zealand Stephen Fleming2827250
77Australia Ricky Ponting4816130
74West Indies Cricket Board Clive Lloyd3612260

Last updated: 15 June 2016[89]

Most matches won as captain
WonPlayerLostDrawnTiesMatches
53South Africa Graeme Smith26260109
48Australia Ricky Ponting1613077
41Australia Steve Waugh97057
36West Indies Cricket Board Clive Lloyd1226074
33India Virat Kohli1010053

Last updated: 28 November 2019[90]

Partnership records

Highest partnership for each wicket

PartnershipRunsTeamPlayersOppositionVenueSeason
1st wicket415 South AfricaGraeme Smith (232)Neil McKenzie (226) BangladeshChittagong Divisional Stadium2008
2nd wicket576 Sri LankaSanath Jayasuriya (340)Roshan Mahanama (225) IndiaRanasinghe Premadasa Stadium, Colombo1997–98
3rd wicket624 Sri LankaKumar Sangakkara (287)Mahela Jayawardene (374) South AfricaSinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo2006
4th wicket449 AustraliaAdam Voges (269*)Shaun Marsh dagger (182) West IndiesBellerive Oval, Hobart2015–16
5th wicket405 AustraliaSid Barnes (234)Donald Bradman (234) EnglandSydney Cricket Ground1946–47
6th wicket399 EnglandBen Stokes dagger (258)Jonny Bairstow dagger (150*) South AfricaNewlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town2015–16
7th wicket347 West IndiesDenis Atkinson (219)Clairmonte Depeiaza (122) AustraliaKensington Oval, Bridgetown1954–55
8th wicket332 EnglandJonathan Trott (184)Stuart Broad dagger (169) PakistanLord's, London2010
9th wicket195 South AfricaMark Boucher (78)Pat Symcox (108) PakistanNew Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg1997–98
10th wicket198 EnglandJoe Root dagger (154*)James Anderson dagger (81) IndiaTrent Bridge, Nottingham2014

Last updated: 15 June 2016[91]

Highest partnerships

RunsTeamPlayersOppositionVenueSeason
624 (3rd wicket) Sri LankaKumar Sangakkara (287)Mahela Jayawardene (374) South AfricaSinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo2006
576 (2nd wicket) Sri LankaSanath Jayasuriya (340)Roshan Mahanama (225) IndiaRanasinghe Premadasa Stadium, Colombo1997–98
467 (3rd wicket) New ZealandAndrew Jones (186)Martin Crowe (299) Sri LankaBasin Reserve, Wellington1990–91
451 (2nd wicket) AustraliaBill Ponsford (266)Donald Bradman (244) EnglandThe Oval, London1934
451 (3rd wicket) PakistanMudassar Nazar (231)Javed Miandad (280*) IndiaNiaz Stadium, Hyderabad1982–83

Last updated: 15 June 2016[92]

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External links

Sports
28 September 2019