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West Indies cricket team
The West Indies cricket team, nicknamed the Windies, is a multi-national men's cricket team representing the Anglophone Caribbean region and administered by Cricket West Indies. The players on this composite team are selected from a chain of fifteen Caribbean territories, which are parts of several different countries and dependencies. As of 29 December 2019, the West Indies cricket team is ranked eighth in the world in Tests, ninth in One-Day Internationals (ODIs) and tenth in Twenty20 Internationals (T20Is) in the official International Cricket Council (ICC) rankings.
From the mid-late 1970s to the early 1990s, the West Indies team was the strongest in the world in both Test and One Day International cricket. A number of cricketers who were considered among the best in the world have hailed from the West Indies: Sir Garfield Sobers, Lance Gibbs, George Headley, Brian Lara, Clive Lloyd, Malcolm Marshall, Alvin Kalicharan, Sir Andy Roberts, Rohan Kanhai, Sir Frank Worrell, Sir Clyde Walcott, Sir Everton Weekes, Sir Curtly Ambrose, Michael Holding, Courtney Walsh, Joel Garner, Sir Viv Richards and Sir Wes Hall have all been inducted into the ICC Hall of Fame.
The West Indies have won the ICC Cricket World Cup twice (1975 and 1979), the ICC World Twenty20 twice (2012 and 2016), the ICC Champions Trophy once (2004), the ICC Under 19 Cricket World Cup once (2016), and have also finished as runners-up in the Cricket World Cup (1983), the Under 19 Cricket World Cup (2004), and the ICC Champions Trophy (2006). The West Indies appeared in three consecutive World Cup finals (1975, 1979 and 1983), and were the first team to win back-to-back World Cups (1975 and 1979).
Member states and dependencies
The current side represents:
- Sovereign states
- British Overseas Territories
- Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
- Territory of the United States
- L = Participant of the Leeward Islands team and member of the Leeward Islands Cricket Association
- W = Participant of the Windward Islands team and member of the Windward Islands Cricket Board of Control
- Saint Kitts and Nevis are separately represented in the Leeward Islands Cricket Association.
Affiliates in Cricket West Indies
Cricket West Indies, the governing body of the team, consists of the six cricket associations of Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Leeward Islands and Windward Islands. The Leeward Islands Cricket Association consists of associations of one sovereign state (Antigua and Barbuda), the two entities of Saint Kitts and Nevis, three British Overseas Territories (Anguilla, Montserrat and British Virgin Islands) and two other dependencies (US Virgin Islands and Sint Maarten). The Windward Islands Cricket Board of Control consists of associations of four sovereign states (Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines).
National teams also exist for the various islands, which, as they are all separate countries, very much keep their local identities and support their local favourites. These national teams take part in the West Indian first-class competition, the Carib Beer Cup (earlier known as the Busta Cup, Shell Shield and various other names). It is also common for other international teams to play the island teams for warm-up games before they take on the combined West Indies team.
The member associations of Cricket West Indies are:
- Barbados Cricket Association (BCA)
- Guyana Cricket Board (GCB)
- Jamaica Cricket Association (JCA)
- Trinidad & Tobago Cricket Board (TTCB)
- Leeward Islands Cricket Association (LICA); itself composed of:
- Anguilla Cricket Association
- Antigua and Barbuda Cricket Association
- British Virgin Islands Cricket Association
- Montserrat Cricket Association
- Nevis Cricket Association (for the island of Nevis alone)
- St. Kitts Cricket Association (for the island of St. Kitts alone)
- St. Maarten Cricket Association
- United States Virgin Islands Cricket Association
- Windward Islands Cricket Board of Control (WICBC); itself composed of:
- Dominica Cricket Association
- Grenada Cricket Association
- St. Lucia Cricket Association
- St. Vincent & the Grenadines Cricket Association
Potential future members
- Special municipalities of the Netherlands
- Overseas collectivities of France
- Overseas departments of France
- L = Affiliate of the Leeward Islands Cricket Association
- W = Affiliate of the Windward Islands Cricket Board of Control
The history of the West Indies cricket team began in the 1890s, when the first representative sides were selected to play visiting English sides. The WICB joined the sport's international ruling body, the Imperial Cricket Conference, in 1926, and played their first official international match, granted Test status, in 1928, thus becoming the fourth Test 'nation'. In their early days in the 1930s, the side represented the British colonies that would later form the West Indies Federation plus British Guiana.
The last series the West Indies played before the outbreak of the Second World War was against England in 1939. There followed a hiatus that lasted until January 1948 when the MCC toured the West Indies. Of the West Indies players in that first match after the war only Gerry Gomez, George Headley, Jeffrey Stollmeyer, and Foffie Williams had previously played Test cricket. In 1948, leg spinner Wilfred Ferguson became the first West Indian bowler to take ten wickets in a Test, finishing with 11/229 in a match against England; later that same year Hines Johnson became the first West Indies fast bowler to achieve the feat, managing 10/96 against the same opponents.
The West Indies defeated England for the first time at Lord's on 29 June 1950 and, on 16 August 1950, completed a 3–1 series win when they won at The Oval. Although blessed with some great players in their early days as a Test team, their successes remained sporadic until the 1960s when the side changed from a white-dominated to a black-dominated side under the successive captaincies of Frank Worrell and Gary Sobers.
By the late 1970s, the West Indies led by Clive Lloyd had a side recognised as unofficial world champions, a reputation they retained throughout the 1980s. During these glory years, the West Indies were noted for their four-man fast bowling attack, backed up by some of the best batsmen in the world. In 1976, fast bowler Michael Holding took 14/149 in a Test against England, setting a record which still stands for best bowling figures in a Test by a West Indies bowler. The 1980s saw the team set a then-record streak of 11 consecutive Test victories in 1984 and inflict two 5–0 "blackwashes" on England.
Throughout the 1990s and 2000s, however, West Indian cricket declined, largely owing to the failure of the West Indian Cricket Board to move the game from an amateur pastime to a professional sport, coupled with the general economic decline in West Indian countries, and the team is struggling to regain its past glory. Victory in the 2004 Champions Trophy and a runner-up showing in the 2006 Champions Trophy left some hopeful, but it was not until the inception of Twenty20 cricket that the West Indies began to regain a place among the cricketing elite and among cricket fans, as they developed ranks of players capable of taking over games with their power hitting, including Chris Gayle, Kieron Pollard, Marlon Samuels, Lendl Simmons, Andre Russell and Carlos Brathwaite. They beat Australia and then host Sri Lanka in the 2012 World Twenty20 to win their first ICC world championship since the 1979 World Cup and then bested England to win the 2016 World Twenty20, making them the first team to win the World Twenty20 twice. As an added bonus, the West Indies also became the first to win both the men's and women's World Twenty20 on the same day, as the women's team beat three-time defending champion Australia for their first ICC world title immediately beforehand.
Flag and anthem
Most cricketing nations use their own national flags for cricketing purposes. However, as the West Indies represent a number of independent states and dependencies, there is no natural choice of flag. The WICB has, therefore, developed an insignia showing a palm tree and cricket stumps on a small sunny island (see the top of this article). The insignia, on a maroon background, makes up the West Indian flag. The background sometimes has a white stripe above a green stripe, which is separated by a maroon stripe, passing horizontally through the middle of the background. Prior to 1999, the WICB(C) had used a similar insignia featuring a cabbage palm tree and an island, but there were no stumps and, instead of the sun, there was the constellation Orion. It was designed in 1923 by Sir Algernon Aspinall, then Secretary of the West India Committee. Around the same time in the 1920s the suggested motto for the West Indies team was "Nec curat Orion leones", which comes from a quote by Horace, meaning that Orion, as symbolical of the West Indies XI, does not worry about the lions [of English cricket].
For ICC tournaments, '' by David Rudder is used as the team's anthem.
The following eleven stadia have been used for at least one Test match. The number of Tests played at each venue followed by the number of One Day Internationals and twenty20 internationals played at that venue is in brackets as of 12 January 2020:
- Queen's Park Oval – Port of Spain, Trinidad (61/70/6): The Queen's Park Oval has hosted more Test matches than any other ground in the Caribbean and first hosted a Test match in 1930. The ground is considered one of the most picturesque venues in the world of cricket, featuring the view Trinidad's Northern Range. It has a capacity of over 18,000.
- Kensington Oval – Bridgetown, Barbados (54/39/17):Kensington Oval hosted the region's first Test match in 1930 and is recognised as the 'Mecca' of West Indies cricket. Its capacity was increased from 15,000 to 28,000 for the 2007 World Cup and down to its current capacity of 11,000 post – World Cup. It has hosted two ICC world finals – the 2007 Cricket World Cup Final, which Australia won over Sri Lanka, and the 2010 World Twenty20 Final, which England won against Australia.
- Bourda – Georgetown, Guyana (30/11/0): Bourda first hosted a Test match in 1930. It was the only Test ground in South America (until the use of Providence), and the only one below sea level and with its own moat (to prevent the pitch from frequent flooding). It has a capacity of around 22,000. It is remembered for the Pitch Invasion during an April 1999, One Day International between Australia and the West Indies, with Australia needing 3 runs to tie and 4 to win off the last ball, a full scale pitch invasion, resulted in the match being deemed a tie, due to the stumps having been stolen before the West Indian team could effect a run out.
- Sabina Park – Kingston, Jamaica (52/38/3): Sabina Park first hosted a Test match in 1930. The Blue Mountains, which are famed for their coffee, form the backdrop. Sabina Park played host to Garry Sobers' then world-record 365 not out. In 1998, the Test against England was abandoned here on the opening day because the pitch was too dangerous. It has a capacity of 15,000.
- Antigua Recreation Ground – St John's, Antigua (22/11/0): Antigua Recreation Ground first hosted a Test in 1981. Three Test triple centuries have been scored on this ground: Chris Gayle's 317 in 2005, and Brian Lara's world record scores of 375 in 1994 and 400 not out in 2004. The historic stadium was removed from the roster of grounds hosting international matches in June 2006, to make way for the island's new cricket stadium, being constructed 3 miles outside the capital city expected to be completed in time for its hosting of matches for Cricket World Cup 2007. However, after the abandoned Test match between England and the West Indies in February 2009 at the new North Sound ground, Test cricket returned to the ARG.
- Arnos Vale – Arnos Vale, Kingstown, St Vincent (3/23/2): The Arnos Vale Ground a.k.a. The Playing Fields first hosted a Test in 1997.
- National Cricket Stadium – St George's, Grenada (3/25/0): Queen's Park, Grenada first hosted a Test in 2002.
- Darren Sammy National Cricket Stadium – Gros Islet, St Lucia (7/26/13): Originally the Beauséjour Cricket Ground, first hosted a Test in 2003. It has a capacity of 12,000. This was the first stadium in the Caribbean to host a day-night cricket match. The match was between the West Indies and Zimbabwe. New Zealand was scheduled to play a test in 2014 to mark the return to Test cricket after a break of 8 years. Following the West Indies' victory in the 2016 World Twenty20, the St. Lucian government renamed the venue after captain Sammy, a native St. Lucian, with another St. Lucian – Johnson Charles – having a stand named in his honor after also being part of the 2012 and 2016 championship squads.
- Warner Park Stadium – Basseterre, St Kitts (3/18/8): The Warner Park Sporting Complex hosted its first One Day International on 23 May 2006 and its first Test match on 22 June 2006. The stadium has a permanent capacity of 8,000, with provisions for temporary stands to enable the hosting figure to past 10,000.
- Providence Stadium – Georgetown, Guyana (2/21/6): The Providence Stadium hosted its first One Day International on 28 March 2007 for the 2007 Cricket World Cup and its first Test match on 22 March 2008. The stadium has a permanent capacity of 15,000, and is to host Test cricket instead of Bourda.
- Sir Vivian Richards Stadium – North Sound, Antigua (8/17/4): The Sir Viv Richards Stadium hosted its first One Day International on 27 March 2007 for the 2007 Cricket World Cup and its first Test match on 30 May 2008. The stadium has a permanent capacity of 10,000, and is to host Test cricket instead of the Antigua Recreation Ground.
- Windsor Park Stadium – Roseau, Dominica (5/4/2): Windsor Park is another home venue for the West Indian team. Construction first started on it in 2005, and it finally opened in October 2007, too late to serve as a venue for the 2007 Cricket World Cup. It hosts first-class cricket and hosted its first test on 6 July 2011 against India, however it held its first One Day International on 26 July 2009. It has a seating capacity of 12,000.
Three further stadia have been used for One Day Internationals, but not Test matches. The number of One Day Internationals played at each venue is in brackets:
|Albion Sports Complex||Albion||Guyana||15,000||1977||—||5||0|||
|Mindoo Phillip Park||Castries||Saint Lucia||n/a||1978||—||2||0|||
|National Cricket Stadium||St. George's||Grenada||20,000||1983||—||1||0|||
When playing one-day cricket, the Windies wear a maroon-coloured shirt and trousers. The shirt also sports the logo of the West Indian Cricket Board and the name of their sponsors, at present, Sandals, who has been the sponsor since 2018 and of their suppliers BLK. The one-day cap is maroon with the WICB logo on the left of the front, with two yellow stripes.
When playing first-class cricket, in addition to their cricket flannels West Indian fielders sometimes wear a maroon sunhat with a wide brim or a maroon baggy cap. The WICB logo is on the front of the hat. Helmets are coloured similarly.
During World Series Cricket, coloured uniforms were adopted. The initial West Indies uniform was pink and was later changed to maroon to match their Test match caps. Grey was also added as a secondary colour. In some of their uniforms grey has been dominant over the traditional maroon. Some uniforms had green, yellow or white as accent colour.
Former uniform suppliers were Joma (2015-2018), Woodworm (2008-2015), Admiral (2000-2005), Asics (1999 World Cup), UK Sportsgear (1997-1998), ISC (1992-1996) and Adidas (1979-1991).
West Indies women's cricket team
The West Indies women's cricket team has a much lower profile than the men's team. They played 11 Test matches between 1975–76 and 1979, winning once, losing three times, and drawing the other games. Since then, they have only played one further Test match, a draw game against Pakistan in 2003–04. They also have an infrequent record in One Day Internationals. A team from Trinidad and Tobago and a team from Jamaica played in the first women's World Cup in 1973, with both sides faring poorly, finishing fifth and sixth respectively out of a field of seven. The Windies united as a team to play their first ODI in 1979, but thereafter did not play until the 1993 World Cup. The side has never been one of the leading sides in the world, however, with their main success being achieving second place in the International Women's Cricket Council Trophy, a competition for the second tier of women's national cricket teams, in 2003. They finished in fifth place in the most recent World Cup, which was held in 2004–05. Their overall record in one-dayers is to have played 45, won 17, lost 27 with one no result.
Because of the women's side's relatively low profile, there are few well-known names in the game. The most notable is probably Nadine George, a wicket-keeper/batsman, who became the first, and to date only, West Indian woman to score a Test century, in Karachi, Pakistan in 2003–04. George is a prominent supporter of sport in the West Indies, and in particular, in her native St Lucia, and in 2005 was made an MBE by the Prince of Wales for services to sport.
2016 saw the West Indies women win their first ICC world championship – the 2016 Women's World Twenty20, after beating three-time defending champion Australia by eight wickets at Eden Gardens with members of the men's team in the crowd to support.
A red box around the year indicates tournaments played within West Indies
Cricket World Cup
|World Cup record|
ICC Trophy/ICC Cricket World Cup Qualifier
- 1979-2014: Not eligible (top 8 in ODI rankings and Full Member of ICC)
- 2018: Runner-up (qualified for the ICC Cricket World Cup 2019)
ICC T20 World Cup
|T20 World Cup record|
ICC Champions Trophy
Known as the 'ICC Knockout' in 1998 and 2000.
|Champions Trophy record|
|2017||Did not qualify||-||-||-||-||-||-|
World Championship of Cricket
1985: Third place stand
|Cricket World Cup||2||1975, 1979|
|ICC T20 World Cup||2||2012, 2016|
|ICC Champions Trophy||1||2004|
Statistics and records
- Innings totals above 700
For: 790 for 3 declared against Pakistan in Kingston in 1957–58; 751 for 5 declared against England in St John's in 2003–04; 747 all out against South Africa in St John's in 2004–05; 749 for 9 declared against England in Bridgetown in 2008–2009
Against: 849 by England in Kingston in 1929–30; 758 for 8 declared by Australia in Kingston in 1954–55
- Innings totals below 60
For: 47 against England in Kingston in 2003–04; 51 against Australia in Port of Spain in 1998–99; 53 against Pakistan in Faisalabad in 1986–87; 54 against England at Lord's in 2000; 60 against Pakistan in Karachi in 2017-18 (60/9 (Surrender))
Against: 46 by England in Port of Spain in 1993–94; 51 by England in Kingston in 2008–09
- Triple centuries scored for the Windies
400 not out by Brian Lara against England at St John's in 2003–04; 375 by Brian Lara against England at St John's in 1993–94; 365 not out by Garry Sobers against Pakistan at Kingston in 1957–58; 333 by Chris Gayle against Sri Lanka at Galle in 2010–11; 317 by Chris Gayle against South Africa at St John's in 2004–05; 302 by Lawrence Rowe against England at Bridgetown in 1973–74
- Twelve or more wickets were taken for the Windies in a Test match
14 for the cost of 149 runs by Michael Holding against England at the Oval in 1976; 13 for 55 by Courtney Walsh against New Zealand in Wellington in 1994–95; 12 for 121 by Andy Roberts against India in Madras in 1974–75
The following men have captained the West Indian cricket team in at least one Test match:
|West Indian Test match captains|
|9||John Goddard||1947/48-1951/52, 1957|
|16||Clive Lloyd||1974/75-1977/78, 1979/80-1984/85|
|19||Viv Richards||1980, 1983/84-1991|
|24||Brian Lara||1996/97-1999/2000, 2002/03-2004, 2006–2007|
|33||Floyd Reifer||2009 (due to contract dispute)|
This lists all the players who have played for West Indies in the past year and the forms in which they have played.
- Team Manager: Rawl Lewis
- Director of Cricket: Jimmy Adams
- Head coach: Phil Simmons
- Batting coach:
- Bowling coach: Roddy Estwick
- Fielding coach: Rayon Griffith
- Cricket in the West Indies
- Fire in Babylon
- History of the West Indian cricket team
- List of West Indies Test cricket records
- West Indies A cricket team
- West Indies Cricket Board
- West Indies High Performance Centre
- West Indies women's cricket team
- "ICC Rankings". International Cricket Council.
- "Test matches - Team records". ESPNcricinfo.
- "Test matches - 2020 Team records". ESPNcricinfo.
- "ODI matches - Team records". ESPNcricinfo.
- "ODI matches - 2020 Team records". ESPNcricinfo.
- "T20I matches - Team records". ESPNcricinfo.
- "T20I matches - 2020 Team records". ESPNcricinfo.
- "ICC rankings – ICC Test, ODI and Twenty20 rankings – ESPN Cricinfo". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 3 March 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "ICC Hall of Fame". ICC. Archived from the original on 9 February 2009. Retrieved 23 September 2009.
- "Live Cricket Scores & News International Cricket Council". www.icc-cricket.com. Archived from the original on 4 July 2017. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
- "West Indies play 800th ODI in ICC Cricket World Cup clash against Australia in Trent Bridge". News Nation. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
- For the results of domestic competitions see ESPN Cricinfo or The Home of CricketArchive Archived 5 December 2005 at the Wayback Machine
- See CricketArchive Archived 24 November 2017 at the Wayback Machine, for example, for a reference to when Test status was acquired
- See, for example, 75 Years of West Indies Cricket 1928–2003 by Ray Goble and Keith A. P. SandifordISBN 1-870518-78-0, the WICB authorised reference book on cricket in the West Indies. For more information on the first Test played by the Windies, see West Indies Series: Test and ODI Tours Archived 17 January 2006 at the Wayback Machine. See also the scorecard Archived 30 January 2005 at the Wayback Machine of the First Test played by the West Indies.
- "Records / West Indies / Test matches / List of match results (by year)". espncricinfo. Archived from the original on 27 April 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
- "Scorecard, 1st Test: West Indies v England at Bridgetown, Jan 21–26 1948". espncricinfo. Archived from the original on 12 June 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
- "Records / West Indies / Test matches / Best bowling figures in a match". espncricinfo. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
- "Jamaica: A century of sport". espncricinfo. 27 July 1999. Archived from the original on 27 April 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
- Until June 2001 there was no official ranking of Test nations, with the unofficial epithet of "World champions" being decided by acclaim based on recent results. Although exactly when the West Indies became and ceased to be world champions is therefore disputed – that they were the unofficial world champions for a prolonged period of time is not.
- "West Indies in England, 1976". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Records / West Indies / Test matches / Best bowling figures in a match". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Flags of the World Archived 4 March 2006 at the Wayback Machine page on the WICB flag
- Royal Colonial Institute (1923). "Badge of the West Indian Cricket Team now in England". United Empire. Pitman and Sons Ltd. 14: 350.
- Aspinall, Sir Algernon (1929). The Handbook of the British West Indies, British Guiana and British Honduras. West India Committee. p. 90.
- See Cricinfo Archived 1 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine for a list of Test match grounds
- "Bourda First Test". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 1 February 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
- See CricketArchive Archived 22 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine for a list of stadia that have hosted home West Indian ODIs
- "Albion ODI stats". Archived from the original on 7 July 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
- "Castries ODI stats". Archived from the original on 7 July 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
- "Old Queens park ODI stats". Archived from the original on 7 July 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
- "Joma enters cricket market sponsoring West Indies". Archived from the original on 2 April 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- "Woodworm sponsors West Indies cricket team". Archived from the original on 11 July 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- Woodworm sponsor West Indies cricket
- Replica Windies kits not available in South Africa
- A sporting chance against the top dogs Archived 10 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine UK Gear
- "Cricket West Indies, Digicel end sponsorship agreement". Archived from the original on 31 May 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- Lara's men have Kentucky Fried Chicken for Champions Trophy
- "Sponsors finger West Indies". Archived from the original on 6 July 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- "WICB and Carib Beer announce sponsorship". Archived from the original on 14 May 2006. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- West Indies Cricket Board at loggerheads with sponsor
- "Kingfisher Premium brings biggest cricketing celebration of the year". Archived from the original on 27 June 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- CricketArchive Archived 6 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine has details of the Tests played by the West Indies women's cricket team
- CricketArchive Archived 6 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine shows the 1973 women's World Cup table
- CricketArchive Archived 6 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine has detailed records of the West Indies women's ODI results
- See Wikipedia's own article on Nadine George, or Cricinfo's Archived 7 July 2012 at Archive.today article on George receiving the MBE
- "Cricinfo – Taylor hat-trick sinks Australia". Archived from the original on 23 December 2007. Retrieved 20 October 2006.
- "Sammy, Russell cut from WICB contracts list". Archived from the original on 10 January 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
- "CWI confirms Lewis as Windies manager". Archived from the original on 21 February 2018. Retrieved 21 February 2018.